Aneirin and the Bards

I sat and wrote this in a car during a football match in a park in Worthing.  I just do not know where it came from as it just came out as fast as I can write and has needed no amendment.  Some verse arrive unannounced like that!

I guess I just like Aneirin’s poem “The Gododdin”.

 Aneirin and the Bards

Aneirin wrote an elegy
To each of his dead friends
At Catraeth through their strategy
His people’s history ends

When all of the Gododdin fell
Their names would not be lost
Aneirin in his verses tell
Of his people’s holocaust

The Angle host behind each shield
Had withstood their attack
That firm shield wall that did not yield
Each stag fell to the pack

There Ida’s line from Bamburgh Head
Established dominance
From Catraeth where the soil’s soaked red
Those Angles would advance

The lonesome bard was left to write
Gododdin’s elegy
The soul survivor of that fight
A dismal destiny

So sadly then this bard would roam
Lamenting his dead friends
And how his Briton’s home was lost
The story never ends

The Briton’s blood, the Briton’s soil
Had been merged into one
Their children would be left to toil
As slaves to those who won

But are those Angles known by name
Those men who won that fight
Without a Bard to sing their name
They have been lost from sight

The Angles had some power then
To dominate this land
Yet Bard’s words are remembered when
Old Glories turn to sand

Each elegy Aneirin wrote
Describes a long dead man
He does not rant, he does not gloat
Of chaff before a fan

For each one seems a close dear friend
And fit for sad lament
And now their fame may have no end
Bard’s words do not relent

The Poet and the Bard are here
To keep the dead alive
Defeated peoples find some cheer
Where their great deeds survive

A conquest by a stronger foe
Whose names are lost in time
Will let the future’s children know
All conquests are a crime

For Peoples and their lands are one
United, blood and place
Despite all of the wrongs been done
Defeats and past disgrace

Gododdin are still in this land
As stubbornness still shows
They’ve mingled through time’s flowing sand
As onward their line goes

At Catraeth British warriors died
The Bard has told their tale
Though widows and their orphans cried
Their blood line did not fail

The patterns in their genes are strong
Still here within this land
Despite who’s right, despite who’s wrong
There are new Bards at hand

Aneirin wrote of real things
All Bards should do the same
When of the past the singer sings
Old heroes live again


© Trevor Morgan 11 October 2003

Berserk mind set

It is in our history that we had death cults that encouraged our young to die in battle so they could serve divine power.  Our Norse and northern European ancestors generally had these cults long in the past.  The cult of the berserkers we do know about as their enemies wrote about them!

This is an extract from tales about the Battle of Edington in the Spring of 878.

The Mortal Wound at Edington

The Berserks dance then they advance
They knew that they would win
But where so much is down to chance
This pride would prove a sin

His foot stood on that foeman’s shield
The boy was down and done
Was confident that all would yield
But that downed boy had won

Beneath great feet you should be beat
When you are trodden on
But Fate can be a fickle cheat
Too soon you’re dead and gone

Through brave advance to sad mischance
All learning turned to dust
For then by some sad circumstance
Was felled by one sword thrust

The fire of pain raged through his brain
He knew that he was done
As down his legs there spread that stain
Yes, this felled foe had won!

After Edington

In confidence some naïve men
May not give foes their due
And all that follows on from then
Results from what they do…

A great Ash tree fell to the ground
That crash resounded so
With Valkyries there all around
They saw the fatal blow

The radiating agony
Those Valkyries then felt
A Bard who sang his elegy
Could make all cold hearts melt

So confident so young and bold
That breaker of great shields
So loved by gods he’d not grow old
One sword thrust and he yields

Flow the other way

The currents flowed so long
And they have flowed one way
The weak had now grown strong
Now they would have their way

Some confidence had gone
The bold now felt some doubt
The wrathful were now wan
Events had turned about

The long years of success are past
And much has turned awry
They knew the good times could not last
And each vain hope must die

A single sword thrust can change things
And alter great events
Lead to the rise and fall of kings
And to such sad laments

The sword between the legs
The manhood torn apart
Dragged down to the dregs
The dying process starts

The dying

That filthy wound gave monstrous pain
It held him on the ground
It oozed a great big spreading stain
Brave Haldane made no sound

He’d felled a foe who’d cut him down
Whilst there beneath his feet
That Gewissae showed such great renown
His counter thrust so neat

There’s irony here in his death
Where he died in this war
It stayed with him past his last breath
Perhaps forever more

The Wolf had taken Tyr’s right hand
Left their war god bereft
Yet he fought well on sea and land
And killed foes with his left

A Gewissae “Tyr” had cut him down
Left hand had thrust that blade
Despite the pain he lost his frown
His hero’s dues were paid

To die as if by Try’s own hand
A portent there maybe
All must be as the Norns had planned
This was his destiny

And now that Gewissae lay by him
Companions in Death
His spirit soared he was not grim
He yearned for his last breath

That young Gewissae he seemed to dream
And muttered in his sleep
The Norns they wove each dreadful scheme
But men were not their sheep

The Gewissae mumbled Mary’s name
He wondered, “Who was she?”
He did not rage he did not blame
He waited to be free

He hoped the Valkyries might come
Choose him for Odhinn’s hall
Through that long night his legs went numb
But saw no sights at all

He’d trained so hard to fight this foe
Who’d swept Gudrum aside
There was so much he did not know
Yet now he felt great pride

He’d done what he’d been asked to do
He’d do it all again
The dawn’s sweet glimmer came in view
He lay there racked in pain

His pain he’d earned and death is sweet
When men die – sword in hand
The Valkyries he had to greet
Here on the foeman’s land

Haldane Blood Hammer drew his sword
And prayed to Mother Fri
“Please let the gods speak just one word
Before I fade and die”

His groin oozed filth upon the earth
Sad Fri she wept a tear
She knew all things do have their worth
She said, “My child, I’m here”

Haldane through pain sought to explain
Fri said, “Peace child, I know”
There on that plain he’d not complain
Inside he felt aglow

Haldane reached out his arm at last
His sword he held up high
“Odhinn I see my life ebbs fast
And I know how to die”

Haldane then died but none there cried
One Gewissae felt some loss
As sunrise cast a shadow wide
That sword seemed like the Cross

A Valkyrie embraced him there
And led him to her steed
‘Til Ragnarök he’d know no care
Nor lack a single need

For Odhinn needed those like him
Brave souls who knew no fear
To face a future stark and Grim
As Odhinn’s death drew near

From: “Tale of a Half Dane” 2005

Wars and change

After the retreat of the Romans from our lands we enter into a period somewhat misnamed as the “Dark Ages”.  This comes from there being only a limited number of written records of the time.  We do have archaeology and now more recently DNA evidence.  The Dna map recently published (by the Welcome Trust I think) shows that most of our population has changed little.  Yes rulers come and go but the ordinary folk remain at where they call home.  This work is a part of a much longer book I am writing about the origins of those people who called themselves the Gewissae and went on to build the Kingdom of Wessex and to unify the English into one nation.  There’s was a history of wars, invasions, and eventual success in adversity followed by decline and the Norman Conquest.

This poem is about the immediate aftermath of the departure of the Romans in 410AD to the arrival of Hengest and Horsa and their defeat of Vortigern in 455AD.

The Midwife at the birth of change

“This land so pregnant here with change
Once then faced the starkest strife;
The birth of change is not so strange,
Where wars act as midwife!

The Picts would rally and rage down,
The Irish too would raid;
Then plague would empty many a town
As trade and wealth decayed.

One tyrant felt he could hold sway
With troops he got for hire.
These men they gained much more than pay;
That tyrant felt their ire.

For once they’d put the Picts to flight
And drove the Scotti out;
The hirer, them, he felt their might,
That tyrant faced his rout.

Why risk your life to fight for pay
When you may gain much more.
The ways of old have had their day
These lands would now know war

New powers would be slow to rise
Like tides things ebb and flow
They fall from Grace who are not wise,
Proud hearts should know true woe.

The roots of trees may slowly spread
And topple any wall.
Ah, Pride, it has been often said
May cause the great to fall!

This land so pregnant here with change
Would now face such deadly strife;
The birth of change is not so strange,
Where wars acts as midwife!”

The Mariner and the Murmuration

I was on the Somerset Levels one early evening when I found myself amidst a myriad of starlings. Some flew so close I felt the draft from their wings. They then arose above me like a glorious host and filled the air, there must have been near to a million of them. I was transfixed. This was a very special gift to witness such an event. I saw a lone hen harrier stoop through the Murmuration and despite her efforts she failed to catch a single starling.  Her chicks went hungry that evening


The Murmuration of Starlings

“That streaming flight of birds went streaking by
It seemed as though they might block out the sun
A million starlings swarmed across the sky
The harrier there she stooped but she caught none
That flow of birds had parted round her flight
At sunset though the flock had settled near
They seemed to fill all trees within our sight
The twilight sky seemed calm and all was clear
The evening star grew bright until moonrise
Shone silvery light across the low wet land
Then myriad stars they seemed to fill the skies
There’s more to this than we may understand
Maybe there’s mystery in all we see
Yet none of us may know what is to be

Watching the Murmuration

The flock it seems to flow not fly
Like eddies in a brook
Above me there they filled the sky
And all here stopped to look

That flow of birds would twirl and roll
And reel around the sky
The sight of them they warmed his soul
As their flight rolled on by

A Mariner watched a harrier dive
And saw her pass straight through
I saw the starlings all survive
It was a wondrous view

The harrier passed right through the flock
Though it sought flesh to rend
Those myriad birds they seemed to mock
And seemed to part then blend

Coordination seemed the key
Each bird knew what to do
Was there in this some mystery
In how all these birds flew?

The harrier sought but it took nought
Each stoop here gained no prey
It rushed straight in the way some fought
This would not be her day

It seems attack is not the way
Where foes elude attack
We ought think of a better way
That we might now come back…

I watch each sunset full of Grace
Gaze at the evening star
I see the Moon’s big silvery face
And hear a lone night jar

Extract from a tale about Norse invaders

I have written a lot of tales in verse about our history between the years 410 and 1065, the so called “Anglo-Saxon” period.

This is a sample:

From the tale of the half Dane child


Ingvar’s Prayer to Odhinn

“What has been done can’t be undone
The dead are with Dark Lady Hel
There are great wars that must be won
Odhinn you’ve shown me this full well!

Guide me in all the fights ahead
Guide every arrow from my bow
Help me to leave these Christians dead
Help me destroy this loathsome foe

Show me good Odhinn all the ways
That we may fight these wicked swine
I promise you through all my days
I’ll sacrifice them as a sign

They have their symbols and their creeds
For everywhere they bring their cross
May I now show them by my deeds
That theirs will be the greater loss

If their lands should fall to your might
I swear that I’ll Blood-Eagle kings
I pray you will enjoy that sight
That special joy that vengeance brings”

He “cut an eagle on the back”
Of Edmund now a Saint
Nowhere was safe from his attack
Vengeance knows no restraint

He waged his wars across the land
With guile and with speed
His every battle was well planned
He made the Christians bleed

The Norn accepted Odhinn’s deed
Was passive for a while
But she would sow another seed
For she had much more guile

Now Ingvar was a mortal man
His time came and he died
All men may only live their span
At his death no one cried!


The wrongs of righteousness

As men go out to right each wrong
Then new wrongs they will do
The weak may well become the strong
But vengeance can’t be true

The righteousness of those wronged men
Will simmer deep inside
And will do much injustice when
It gets puffed up with pride

To justify each brand new wrong
Old wrongs are pointed to
Then vengeance will career along
And has so much to do

Some hungers cannot be fulfilled
Past wrongs can’t be put right
It matters not how each gets killed
In each new pointless fight

Before men seek to right a wrong
They may wish to refrain
New enemies may soon grow strong
And cycles they repeat again


Roman Villa Mosaics, ancient version of: “take from the haves give to the have yachts”.

The super rich love wasteful and essentially useless spending.  Today we see the haves being obliged to give to the have yachts.  In the late Roman period the surplus went on mosaics but the social and economic patterns were much the same.


The villa with pictures on the floor

“The rotten rafters in the roof
They creaked and then gave way.
This house of those folk once aloof
Had finally had its day.

Impoverished now their kin must toil
To gain their meat and bread.
Those once proud now they till the soil
And dwell in fear and dread.

The tiles and rafters clattered down,
The floor’s now lost from view.
Old pictures, mud besmeared and brown,
Had glistened so – when new!

Where slaves had been at beck and call,
Or beaten black and blue,
The haughty had now met their fall,
These times seemed good and new.

The pompous nonsense of this place
Seemed so wrong in this land.
The haughty now had faced disgrace;
Gone are the gross and grand!”

To spend a fortune on a floor
Now seems a wasteful thing.
Such waste and folly’s gone for sure,
Oh, hear the song thrush sing.

This land itself is much more grand,
Old villas were pretence.
There’s beauties ever here at hand,
They tingle every sense.

The streamlets that here trickle by
Bring music to the ear.
The skylark’s song sung from on high
Brings such a joyful cheer.

The clouds reflected in a brook
Have such a regal grace.
Gone is the overlord’s dark look;
Gone from this wondrous place.

Grass grows now where the ruin fell,
All verdant in the spring.
Here now is where the dormice dwell
And that’s a goodly thing.”

From: “Gewissae Tal” a work in progress

Kiss of Caiaphas[1]

I have had to deal with some real charmers in my time.

Kiss of Caiaphas[1]

“There are those who can get such bliss
In filth and stink and mire
Foul Caiaphas he gave his kiss
With passion and with ire

You see he had a tortured brain
And had to scheme and plan
His pleasure was in giving pain
To God’s dear Son of Man

His like they always act the sneak
In any way they may
This is because at heart they’re weak
And that’s the way they’ll stay

There’s work though for their cravenness
To give their spite release
Oh, how they strut with wantonness
And take away God’s peace

Dark souls find cruelty brings strange joy
In this there’s little new
As they dream up each plot and ploy
They find there’s much to do

Though some may wear a purple gown
And strut and pose and preen
And smile at things where good men frown
Yet Wyrd stays unforeseen.

The over proud may be sanguine
There’s folly when headstrong
The violated may have kin
Whose memories will be long

The proud with bloated self-esteem
In time may face dark Fate
As others plan and others scheme
Driven be stark hate

Beware of all of those you wrong
They may well stalk you down
Beneath dark hate so foul and strong
Your soul may slowly drown

Beware those whom you violate
They will remember you
For you’ll have taught them how to hate
In this there’s little new

For vengeance runs in cycles here
And crimes they have a price
With vengeance all may dwell in fear
For vengeance is the vice

And if you’ve acted with dark spite
You’ve nothing left to save
Your widow seems a poignant sight
As foes piss in your grave

Foul Caiaphas he gave his kiss
With passion and with ire
Many are those who seek some bliss
In filth and stink and mire”

[1] Inspired by lines in Oscar Wilde’s “Ballad of Reading Jail”

I know it was not Caiaphas who kissed Christ in the Garden but this is okay with me as the Ballad is superb

Pre-destiny and choice

Pre-destiny and choice

Things are just as they are
Each ought do what they can
Some say Fate’s in the hands of God
And not the hands of man

Things are just as they are
Some will do what they do
They may think they’re the hands of God
And right when they wrong you

When deadly deeds are done
All ought do what they can
For Fate’s not all the hand of God
Pre-destined in a plan

Free will is there as well
In much of what we do
That’s our Fate from the hands of God
To choose is up to you

To have choice is our Fate
Each must do what they can
Free choice is from the hands of God
Pre-destined in a plan

Pre-destined then to choose
We should not make a fuss
Some may think they’re the hand of God
And right when they wrong us

To have choice is not bad
Nor good beyond our ken
Badness is not the hand of God
But wrong choices of men

Now what will be will be
So when we right a wrong
We may think we’re the hand of God
And justice makes us strong

But who are we to judge
Each must do what they can
Justice is in the hands of God
And we don’t know his plan

For as we right a wrong
New wrongs we may well do
Vengeance is in the hands of God
It’s just not up to you

Things are just as they are
Each should do what they can
Some say Fates in the hands of God
And not the hands of man

Predestined then to choose
With choice our destiny
We don’t know if we win or lose
So what will be will be

© T.Morgan 2004, 2015

The Goddess of the Future Fates

The Gods in Asgard seemed to sleep
Or turn their minds away
As Danish widows moan and weep
The Noki dance and sway

They sought to change the fate of men
To help their people win
The Christians they would curse them then
And call their craft a sin

They would not let just one witch live
For they must burn them all
They ask God’s love but can’t forgive
So answer Satan’s call

But Noki by the sea one night
Beneath a waning moon
Sought refuge in that second sight
They see before they swoon

In Bragi’s name through each refrain
They asked Skuld for that sight
Idu the Noki felt the pain
And then screamed out in fright

A bloody ghost of some dead slave
Embraced her as a friend
And he said that he now forgave
Those who had caused his end

“Your kind came here to take this land
You make the orphan slave
Is Danish doom now close at hand?
Noki can you be brave?

You are a part of our land now
And it’s a part of you
Gudrum by now has broke his vow
But Loki will be true!

True to the falsehood that’s his game
Deceit will be deceived
It matters not the names I name
For you’ll not be believed”

He held her hand through vistas grand
And showed her all men’s fate
“A future’s planned here in this land
The Danes may know too late

The Oak, the Ash, the Elm, and Yew
Grow tall on Albion’s isle
And what you view may well come true
Don’t waste your time with guile

The Norns dictate so know your fate
And to your gods be true
Then try some love as well as hate
Then I will lie with you

I’ll come in dreams and show you schemes
Of what kings plan to do
And right until the daylight beams
I’ll spend each night with you

The perfect prophet you will be
Until your dying day
Though you can share your dreams with me
Be wary what you say

For you’ve a curse the very worse
The Seer who is alone
For though you speak in prose or verse
No one will heed your tone”

Idu the Noki had a fit
Her mouth was wet with froth
On waking her hot brow was knit
She was frail as a moth

Though dark and deep she could not weep
The future she could see
But now in silence she must keep
Her tongue from being free

The elder Noki saw some signs
And felt a little grief
But in old age she now resigns
Locked in some disbelief

From thence on Idu slept a lot
And she’d smile in her sleep
As when she talked men called it rot
They now don’t hear her peep

And she and Sild walk through the years
The years that are to come
And Idu often shed some tears
But Idu had turned dumb

She saw the fall of all her Danes
And saw them rise again
She saw them on far distant plains
She saw and she knew when

She saw the things that Morchan saw
All those long years ago
She felt great winds quite cold and raw
And felt the summers glow

She met the Seers of future years
Not all would wear her gag
She shared the hopes, she shared the fears
She had no need to brag

The Norns gave Idu for a wife
To some “man from the sea”
She had a long contented life
For what will be will be

The gods of her place weren’t so dark
The wind, the wave, the tide
Her choices then were few not stark
In her dreams she could hide


From The Saga of Aelfrede and Gudrum

Saint Paul’s Bay

storm bird 2 edit

The steer board tore against his grip
Storm waves rose all about
His reefed in sails they might yet rip
His soul felt clouds of doubt

He thought of Biblos and his home
Above the wine dark sea
He swore no more now would he roam
He feared this destiny

Ahead a sea bird glided by
Across those raging seas
He heard a faint bewitching cry
Such birds soar with such ease

The shearwater was heading west
Dark skies loomed sour and grey
That bird she seemed serene and blessed
Would she show him the way?

He eased about towards the lee
And went the way she flew
He rode crests of that monstrous sea
With all the skills he knew

He prayed that bird take him safe on
Towards some safe shore line
Inside of him some faint Hope shone
Could this bird be some sign?

Two passengers sat calm serene
Where waves crashed all about
There faces wet with watery sheen
Still now they seemed devout

He was paid well for them to go
To Rome to face some fate
Yet now they sat here all aglow
Mid seas that raged of hate

Ahead the sky was black as black
That shearwater part white
With darker feathers on her back
She came and went from sight

A ships boy there came to him then
Said “Birds lead to mischief
They nest away from beast and men
On rocky shore or cliff”

A panic gripped his heart and mind
He thrust the steer board out
Mid such spray that he seemed half blind
He heard his Bosun shout

“We missed those rocks you saved us all”
As cliffs loomed to his right
The bird let out a frantic call
A bay came into sight

He drove his ship straight at the shore
The prow ploughed through the sand
Her planking creaked then cracked and tore
Death still seemed near at hand

A wave took two men overboard
And straight onto the beach
They stood and cried out to their Lord
Then Death slunk out of reach

The sea became becalmed at last
That wrecked ship’s days were done
With broken keel and shattered mast
Against that storm she’d won

And Saul of Tarsus walked some way
Up from the low shoreline
He stopped but briefly, stopped to pray
“God, could this be a sign”

Back by the ship the captain stood
And spoke with fervent joy
“Bosun” he said “That boy did good”
“Who sir, we have no boy…”

His mind it reeled, his mind it spun
Upon that low shoreline
He saw rays of a rising sun
“God, could this be a sign”

A demon spirit left that bird
She settled on her nest
That demon stuttered word on word
“Satan, I failed your test…”

And Saul of Tarsus travelled forth
To Rome to lose his head
In that great city to the north
His cause would not lie dead

From Frigar’s Saga